Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus. It can range in severity from an “acute” or short term illness lasting a few weeks to a few months to a serious “chronic” illness lasting a lifetime. The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated.


Whether or not a person has symptoms depends if they recently got hepatitis B, or have been living with it for many years. For acute hepatitis B, people usually feel sick for a few weeks to several months. Most adults with chronic hepatitis B remain symptom free for up to 30 years.

CDC information on Hep B symptoms


Although anyone can get hepatitis B, some people are at greater risk, such as those who: have sex with an infected person, have multiple sex partners, or inject drugs.

CDC information on who is affected by Hep B

Vaccines and Testing

The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for sexually active adults and is safe and effective. The hepatitis B vaccine provides long term protection against the disease.

CDC information on the vaccine and testing for Hep B


Among adults, Hepatitis B is usually spread through sexual contact and/or sharing needles, syringes or other drug-injection equipment. The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated.

CDC information on transmission and prevention of Hep B


For acute hepatitis B, doctors usually recommend rest, adequate nutrition, fluids, and close medical monitoring. Those living with chronic hepatitis B infection are monitored on a regular basis for liver problems and may be treated with antiviral medication.

CDC information on Hep B treatment